Characteristics and prognosis of patients with significant tricuspid regurgitation.
Background. - Severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) usually remains asymptomatic for a long period, and the diagnosis is often delayed until an advanced stage of right heart failure (RHF). Only a minority of patients are referred for surgery.
Aims. - To describe the characteristics and prognosis of patients with significant TR, according to aetiology.
Methods. - Two-hundred and eight consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe (grade III) or severe (grade IV) TR were included from echocardiography reports between 2013 and 2017. Median follow-up was 18 (6–38) months.
Results. - Patients (mean age 75 years; 46.6% men) were divided into four groups according to TR aetiology: group 1, primary TR (14.9%); group 2, TR secondary to left heart disease with a history of left heart valve surgery (24.5%); group 3, TR secondary to left heart or pulmonary disease with no history of left valvular surgery (26.5%); and group 4, idiopathic TR (34.1%). During follow-up, 61 patients (29.3%) experienced at least one episode of RHF decompensation requiring hospitalization. Only 11 patients (5.3%) underwent tricuspid valve surgery during follow-up. The 4-year survival was much lower than the expected survival of age- and sex-matched individuals in the general population (56±4% vs. 74%). After adjustment for outcome predictors, patients with idiopathic TR had a higher risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.83, 95% confidence interval 1.05–3.21; P=0.034) compared with other groups.
Conclusions. - Moderate-to-severe or severe TR is associated with a high risk of hospitalization for RHF and death at 4 years, and a low rate of surgery. Idiopathic TR is associated with worse outcome than other aetiologies.
[Télécharger l'article pour lire la suite]
© 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.